Ubuntu

Ubuntu Tips and Tricks – if you’ve never used a Linux based operating system. Ubuntu is a great entry level distribution. That’s user-friendly for beginners especially for those of you that have been using Windows or MacOS.

Download & Installation

Unlike windows and MacOS the Ubuntu is completely free and open source. Whether you plan to use it as your primary operating system. Or run it alongside another you can download the ISO file directly from the Ubuntu Website.

Link: Download Ubuntu

On the website top bar > go to download > select Ubuntu desktop. We recommend you to download the latest version.

Ubuntu

Near bottom of the download page you will find the installation guides. For both Windows and MacOS. And if you’d prefer to run Ubuntu in a virtual machine.

Ubuntu
Ubuntu

How to install Ubuntu From Virtual Machine.

Ubuntu User Interface

Compared to most operating system the interface is quite different let’s first take a look at the top bar. Clicking on (Activities) in the top left gives you a search bar to help find programs files and folder on your computer.

Ubuntu

On the right side is the workspaces this where you can create multiple desktop environments on the same computer.

Ubuntu

When you have any programs opened they will show up to the right of the activities. This is where you can get quick access. To the settings among other stuff depending on which program you have open.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

Date and time appear in the middle of the top bar. Click on it brings up a calendar and any notifications.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

In the top right you’ll see the system indicators. Selecting any on them brings up a single menu. To adjust system volume, network, settings, lock your screen and you can restart or power off your computer.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

The dock on the left side of the screen shows your file explorer your favorite programs. Along with ones that are currently running. In the lower left is the app drawer this is where you’ll find the programs that are installed on your computer.

In the lower middle you can switch between your most frequently used programs and all. Now you have a general idea of how to get around an Ubuntu. Let’s dive deeper into the various features of this operating system.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

The Dock

Which is sometimes referred to as the launcher or the sidebar to open any program in the dock left click on it. Just like any operating system you can minimize or maximize or close out any window in the upper right.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

Right clicking on any app icon gives app specific for example, with Firefox you can open a new window. Open a new private window, remove from favorites or show details about that app.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

The icons for the apps can be moved by left clicking and dragging to its new location.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

If you have programs that use on regular basis you should add those to the dock. Here’s how you do that. Go to the (App Drawer) in the lower left find and open the program you’d like to add and open it.

Once you open the program its icon will appear in the dock. Right click on that program and select (Add to Favorites).

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

Ubuntu Workspaces

Earlier we read about the workspaces where you can create multiple desktop environments. In order to move a window to new workspace select (Activities) in the upper left. Left click and drag the window.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

To a different workspace, just use the workspace selector to switch between the workspaces. To work spaces are initially provided. New ones appear automatically as needed this can be useful if you multitask working on different projects.

Programs Installations

Within the first couple hours of loading up a fresh install of an operating system. You will want to install new programs. There are many ways to do this by (Ubuntu Software) application is a good place to start. It can be accessed in the dock.

Or in the app drawer, click on it to loaded it up. If you know the specific program that you’re looking for. Select the search icon in the upper right search box will appear. Just type the name of the program.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

That you’ll looking for it will appear if available. Or you could go through the various category list to find new program. Select the drop down arrow to show more categories most of the programs here are free and open source.

Just select and click on install simple then the program will be available for use on your computer.

Browsing

Firefox comes pre-installed with Ubuntu some of you love it and some of you hate it. There are many alternatives. In the Ubuntu software app including chromium, opera and brave to name a few or you could go rogue. Get the Valdi browser directly from their website.

Ubuntu Preinstalled Programs

Here are some default apps that come pre-installed with Ubuntu that you should know about

  • The LibreOffice Suite provides alternatives to Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint and others with same features.
  • Thunderbird mail is used to consolidate and manage all of your email accounts and contacts.
  • Rhythm box helps to keep your music organized you can also create playlist and listen to podcast.
  • Shotwell photo manager is used to import your photos and keep them organized.
  • Videos which is also known as Totem is the default video player. There are more players like VLC and more.

Settings

To get to the settings menu left click in the upper right of the bar in the system indicator area and select settings icon.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

To change up the look of your desktop in the background tab you can select a new wallpaper for your desktop. You can select images from your pictures folder if you have any or else you can select specific color listed. To change the background, select the image and click on select. That’s it.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs
Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

In the dock tab just below background there’s a toggle to auto hide the dock when the window comes in contact with it. If you have a lot programs in the dock it might be useful to reduce the icon size and positing on the screen.

To change the location of the dock for more traditional layout. Some of you might prefer the dock to be at bottom of the screen.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

Privacy & Devices

Let’s jump down to privacy, if you’re not concern about others viewing or using your computer when you’re not around. Go into screen lock and switch it to off.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

Near bottom of the left pane is devices. Here you can make adjustments to your displays keyboard mouse and other stuff. In display there’s a nightlight that you can turn on that can help to reduce eye strain.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

Selecting keyboard will show you the shortcuts that can be used with Ubuntu Many of which are used with the super key in combination with other keys odds are likely that you don’t have a key.

Ubuntu,ubuntu tips and tricks,Ubuntu User Interface,Ubuntu Workspaces,Ubuntu Preinstalled programs

That says super on it on a windows keyboard the super key is the one with windows logo on it also known as window key. On a Mac keyboard use the command key and on Chromebook it will be the key with a magnifying glass.

As you get more familiar with Ubuntu to learning the keyboard shortcuts will help you to save time and effort.

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