VirtualBox

VirtualBox which is a free and open source solution to be able to run other operating systems virtually on your PC. In this article we going to see how to setup and use VirtualBox.

In addition, we’ll also going to see how to install and run Ubuntu which is one of the most popular Linux distributions.

What is VirtualBox?

VirtualBox

You may have heard of the terms virtualization software hypervisor or virtual machine. Basically what the software does it that it allows an entire operating system. Which I’ll refer to as the guest to on another operating system.

Which I’ll refer to as the host there are several reason why you’d want to run a virtual machine on your computer. Some of those might include you need access to software that is not available on your host operating systems.

For example, being able to run Windows software on MacOS or Linux having access to multiple operating systems. Simultaneously or you’re just curious about trying out another operating system without the need to partition your hard drive.

Download & Installation (VirtualBox)

Navigate your way to the homepage for a VirtualBox which is: Download Virtual Box once you visit website. Select download “VirtualBox”, select the appropriate download package for your host operating system.

VirtualBox
VirtualBox

And save in your download folder, once your download is complete head over to the download location and open the file. To begin the installation process, just click through the install screen most these won’t require that you change anything.

You may get this warning that VirtualBox will reset your network connection and temporarily disconnect you from the network. It will ask you want to proceed with the installation now select “Yes” when it says ready to install select “install”.

VirtualBox

It’s going to take few minutes when it’s done select finish. Once VirtualBox is installed watched it you’ll now see the welcome screen for the software.

How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Before we go any further if you haven’t done so already this would be a good time to go to the Ubuntu website. Link: Ubuntu.com

To download the ISO file that you’ll need if you plan to install it as a guest operating system. On their home page along the top select “Desktop” then click “Download Ubuntu”.

The one you’ll want to download is Ubuntu LTS latest version which has long term support.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox
VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Create Guest Operating System in VirtualBox

Since this is a beginner’s guide we attempt to simplify the process as much as possible. To create the guest operating system. Open VirtualBox in the upper left select “New” it will open prompt and ask you to write name of your guest.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

And choose type of the operating system which you going to use and its version. You can name it whatever you want. In type select according to OS for example, for Ubuntu which is Linux distro so we going to select Linux.

You can install most operating system into VirtualBox the only one is difficult to install with is MacOS. In MacOS installing Linux is not a smooth process. For version select Ubuntu 64-bit and select “Next”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Select The Amount of Memory & Hard drive

That you want to allocate memory to your guest system since we’re installing Linux it’s not going to be a resources intensive as windows. We won’t need that much memory to be allocated it’s generally a good idea to never allocate more than half of the memory.

That you have on your host system for example, if you have 16 gigabytes try to avoid allocating more than 8GB. It reduces the risk of crashing your host system for Linux 2GB which is 2048 megabytes should be enough.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

After selecting memory next will ask for virtual hard disk. File has its advantages but to keep this uncomplicated. Make sure that “Create a virtual hard disk now” is selected. Click on “Create” you’ll not be asked.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

To choose the type of file that you want to use, for the new virtual hard disk in find that VirtualBox. “Virtual Disk image” works great make sure that one is selected and click on next.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Storage, File Location & Size

Next it will ask for storage on physical hard disk select “Dynamically allocated” so the guest operating system. Will not use the space on your physical hard drive until its needs it. Select “Next”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Screen lets you decide the file location which you shouldn’t need to change. You can also select the size of the virtual hard disk. To determine how much of the data from the virtual machine will stored on your drive.

Depending on what you plan to use the operating system for will determine the size that you select. Leave it on default size which is 10 gigabytes.

If you plan to use Ubuntu to quite a bit, you may want to increase the size to 15 to 20 gigabytes for safe side.

When finished click on “Create”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

To see more details for your guest operating system select “Details” depending on which guest operating system.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox
VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

That you’re installing the information here will vary.

VirtualBox (Settings)

General Tab

Go to setting which is to the right of “New tab In general, you’ll see the information you entered earlier.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

System Tab

In system you’ll see the memory you previously allocated in system select “Processor tab”. you may want to adjust the processor slider never go above half CPU count to avoid crashing host system. For Ubuntu 2 CPU processor should be fine.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Display Tab

In display it’s best to give your video memory as much as possible set video memory to “128MB”. Also below check “Enable 3d acceleration” and also check “Enable 2d video acceleration”. Graphically this will give you a smoother experience.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Storage Tab

Next jump down to storage this where we will add the ISO file. That was downloaded earlier for Ubuntu. Where it says (Controller: IDE) below that select “Empty” to the right where it says (IDE Secondary Master).

Select the “Disc” to the right from the menu select “Choose Virtual Optical Disk File”. Find the location where you save the ISO file for Ubuntu select it and then click on “Open”.

Previously it said empty you’ll now see Ubuntu. At the bottom it says invalid settings detected just ignore it. Rest of these you shouldn’t mess with any of other settings.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Shared Folders Tab

If you go down to shared folders, you have the option to select folder that can be shared between the guest and host. Just go to the far right and select the “icon” for the folder with a plus on it.

Select the “Drop down arrow” and select “Other…” then just navigate the folder on your host operating system. That you want to share with the guest operating system set “Read-only” and “Auto-mount” unchecked.

When you’re done select “Ok” to exit settings. Go through the details again check if you forget something.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Run & Setup Operating System

Beginner’s Guide How to use Ubuntu

In details check everything’s good to go and you’ll see here for IDE secondary master that an Ubuntu has been added.

Step 1.

Now click on “Start” on upper left, once it started up you can minimize the VirtualBox program.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Step 2.

You’ll eventually arrive on the screen where you can select your language and you’ll have two options.

(Try Ubuntu or Install Ubuntu). Select “Install Ubuntu”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Step 3

Check on “Download updates while installing Ubuntu” and “Install third-party software for graphic and Wi-Fi Hardware…”.

Then select “Continue”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Step 4

the next screen will say that this computer has no detected operating system. What would you like to do?

Make sure “Erase disk and install Ubuntu” is selected and then click on “Install Now” then “Continue”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Step 5

Choose your time zone and select “Continue” after that it will ask you to choose your keyboard layout.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Step 6

To test that you keep what’s working so click on where it says “Type here to test your keyboard” just type anything.

Then select “Continue”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Step 7

On this screen you’ll enter (Your name) (Computer Name) will be auto filled pick a (Username) (Password).

You can also choose the (Login automatically) or (Require my password to log in).

When you’re done with that select “Continue”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Step 8

You’ll be greeted with the screen that will welcome you Ubuntu and install the operating system.

This process will take several minutes. When it’s done installation it will say that installation is complete.

And you need to restart your computer in order to use the new installation select “Restart Now”.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Step 9

Once it boots up the Ubuntu operating system now is fully loaded up.

VirtualBox,Ubuntu,How to Install Ubuntu From VirtualBox

Thanks For Reading…

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